Climate Change Ice
Image credit: Piqsels

International Climate Change Legislation: Frameworks & Developments

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Kyoto Protocol

Climate Change Air Pollution
Image credit: Piqsels

Doha Amendment

Paris Agreement

  • Nationally determined contributions (NDCs): The climate action plans that each country sets for itself are known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Countries must update them every five years. For developed countries, NDCs should be economy-wide.
  • REDD+ mechanism: REDD+ stands for countries’ efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests. Parties are encouraged to follow the REDD+ framework, which provides guidance for the sustainable conservation of forests.
  • GHG emissions peaking and goal of achieving zero net emissions: According to this principle, parties should peak their greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, and then proactively work to slow emissions from that point onwards. The Paris Agreement has an ambitious goal to reach zero net emissions by 2050.

Adoption of Climate Change and Energy Policies by the EU



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Carpenter Wellington PLLC

Carpenter Wellington PLLC

Ryan Carpenter serves as Attorney and Managing Director of Carpenter Wellington. Ryan advises clients across a broad set of corporate and commercial matters.